Physical therapy has been a great medical field in terms of helping people go back to their normal condition and even strengthen their bodies to do more. But when you are already a physical therapy, your career does not end there. There are various physical therapy specialties. You can pursue any of it to further the career you have chosen. These physical specialties are as follows:
- Cardiovascular and Pulmonary
- Clinical Electrophysiology
- Women’s Health and Sports
Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Physical Therapist handles patients that have cardiopulmonary disorders and undergone cardiac or pulmonary surgery. It is the goal of this type of physical therapist to increase functional independence and patient endurance. Geriatric Physical Therapist specializes with aging patients where they create programs to help reduce pain, restore mobility and increase fitness. Clinical Electrophysiologic Physical Therapist is involved mainly in research where intramuscular stimulation is studied. Neurologic Physical Therapist deals with patients who have neurological disorders or diseases. The common problems patients face include vision impairment, paralysis, difficulty walking, poor balance and loss of independence.
Pediatric Physical Therapist assists in detecting early on of health problems, diagnoses, treatment and management of babies from infancy to adolescence. The health problems include various injuries as well as disorders that affect the bones, muscles and joints. Orthopaedic Physical Therapist helps patients with health conditions of the musculoskeletal system. Women’s Health Physical Therapist covers rehabilitation, treatment and management of illnesses common to women. Sports Physical Therapist keeps the athletes’ in top condition with injury management, prevention, rehabilitation and treatment.
Taking up one or more of these physical therapy specializations will open up various job opportunities for you. To be entitled to take the certification exam there are two main requirements to fulfill. One is a valid and up to date physical therapy license and completion of 2,000 hours of clinical practice of the chosen specialty area. This means that you are already exposed to the physical therapy specialty that you seek certification with. Some specialty council may have other prerequisites depending on the physical therapy specialty chosen so check also on that.
Physical therapist along with other medical professionals need constant updating of their career through continuing education and specializations. Other than keeping with the new medical developments, doing so will also advance such career path. This will be advantageous and rewarding to the aspiring physical therapy specialist, as higher-level jobs are getting better salary packages and benefits providing a more comfortable lifestyle.