Symptoms that include back pain and leg pain accompanied by a weakness in the lower extremities and the impairment of bowel and bladder control is usually diagnosed in a patient with disc herniation or herniated disc. A herniated disc is fundamentally a spinal disc condition wherein the nucleus pulposus, the soft component within the disc spills out of a torn outer covering referred to as the annulus fibrosus and into the spinal canal, which may or may not bring about nerve compressions. Though oftentimes mistaken for protruding disc or bulging disc, disc herniation is in fact a more serious condition and without ideal herniated disk treatment, numerous health risks may develop, such as paralysis and death.
Besides the more significant herniated disc surgery procedures, there are many natural and home herniated disk treatment options, such as herniated disc exercises, traditional treatments, such as physical therapy, and drugs, that can help lessen pain and deal with the herniation. Obviously, the most ideal treatment for herniated disc for a specific patient would rely on his/her situation. These considerations will help the physician establish the most ideal treatment to utilize and these factors will include symptoms of a patient, age of patient, daily activities and habits of a patient, and the existence of progressive symptoms.
Physicians would usually recommend traditional treatments as the first line of defense against pain and the herniation, like bed rest and some improvements in a person’s daily activities. Oftentimes, as a way not to exacerbate the condition, physicians would suggest against numerous overly stressful and high-impact routines. In many cases, a herniated disc can heal itself, so long as it is presented enough time to heal. Today, rather than taking drugs and going through surgical procedures, many alternative treatments, like physical and decompresison therapies, are very well-known. These treatments can help fortify the core muscles of the body by stabilizing the lumbar herniated disc muscles. As a result of the tougher back muscles, injury and damage to the herniated disc may be lessened, if not prevented.
Typically, natural remedies and drugs are applied for pain relief and to shorten the time needed for the disc to recover. A well-known home remedy that can significantly reduce herniated disc pain is with alternating ice and heat compresses. Disc herniation may bring about back muscle spasms, which can be very unpleasant and by compressing it with ice and heat, the muscles can become more relaxed, reducing the pain.
Pain alleviation can also be attained through the application of NSAIDs, or Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs, which are normally given by doctors. These medications mainly help relieve nerve impingement by minimizing the inflammation of the nerves, as the name implies. Another common anti inflammatory treatment given by doctors is the oral steroid drugs, like Prednisone and Medrol. Narcotic pain drugs and muscle relaxers may also be given if the pain is very extreme. Seeing the threats of complications and dependence however, these must be consumed under the doctor’s guidance. There is also the epidural steroid injection that is instantly injected into the affected area to reduce swelling and soreness.
For serious, persistent, and repeating circumstances, doctors may recommend herniated disc surgery, like discectomy and endoscopic microdiscectomy, as a final bulging disc treatment choice, though there are many complications associated with these procedures, especially the open ones. However, surgical procedures are usually the finest course of action when neurological concerns are existing, like that of the Caude Equina Syndrome.