In physical therapy, there are many forms including pediatric physical therapy, neurological physical therapy, cardiovascular and pulmonary rehabilitation and geriatric physical therapy. Pediatric P.T. focuses on children, neurological P.T. focuses on the nervous system, the cardiovascular, and pulmonary rehabilitation focuses on the heart and lungs while geriatric P.T. focuses on the old people. What is the physical therapy that focuses on the muscular skeletal system? This is called the orthopedic physical therapy.
Orthopedic physical therapy focuses on the muscles, bones, tendons and ligaments, which comprise the muscular skeletal system. Orthopedic physical therapy includes diagnosing the patient, managing the injury and treating the injury. Patients who have recently undergone surgery that involves the muscular skeletal system will also benefit from orthopedic physical therapy for rehabilitation.
Orthopedic physical therapist works on treating acute injuries from sports, amputations, arthritis and post-operation physical impairments. Orthopedic physical therapy uses a combination of treatments to make the recovery faster. Methods like hold or cold therapy, electrical stimulation, strength raining, exercises and joint mobilizations are done. There is also the use of the sonogram for muscle retraining.
After an injury, it is essential to restore the activity, motion and strength of the patient. During post-surgery, the body is weak which forces the patient to just continue resting and limit movements. The problem is that when the person is not physically active, his body will become weaker. Orthopedic physical therapy allows ample time for rest but at the same time, it works with strengthening the body. This way, the patient will recover faster because of improved overall health.
Orthopedic physical therapy can eliminate the weakness of the patient by improving on it. Appropriate workouts are done to restore mobility and functions. Orthopedic physical therapists are skilled and knowledgeable in this field. They will diagnose and evaluate your condition and create a program to fit you. They will adjust treatment programs along the way if necessary. In the treatment, they can include stretching, exercises, strengthening, ice or heat therapy, ultrasound, electronic stimulation and therapeutic massages.
In orthopedic physical therapy, strengthening of the muscles, tendons and joints are crucial. After an injury or surgery, the patient loses strength in his physical movements. There might still be pain felt, which is why the person cannot perform the activities he can easily do before. In such cases, orthopedic physical therapy is needed to ensure that the person will get back in shape and restore his mobility faster.